Editorial de periódico beliceño conecta el caso de los migrantes cubanos con enfoque racial
(AMANDALA)-With 5,000 Cubans stranded in Costa Rica, trying to reach the United States, and the matter becoming somewhat of a Central American humanitarian crisis (see Adele Ramos’ story on page 2 of last weekend’s issue of Amandala), Belize’s national university could have contributed substantially to educating the Belizean people about the background and nature of this matter… The racism in the Caribbean and in the southern states of the United States was extreme: black African people did all the work and white Europeans made all the money. There were two game-changing revolutions in the Caribbean. The first was the Haitian Revolution between1791 and 1804, and the second was the Cuban Revolution, which brought Fidel Castro to power in 1959. In between these two Caribbean revolutions, there were two World Wars (1914-1918 and 1939–1945) when the Europeans fought amongst themselves for world hegemony… For different reasons, including ideological and racial ones, it was important for the United States, which was undoubtedly the most powerful nation in the Western Hemisphere and probably in the world, to crush the Cuban Revolution. The U.S. sponsored the unsuccessful Bay of Pigs invasion of Cuba in April of 1961, and when that failed, actually came close to a catastrophic nuclear war with Russia in October of 1962 when Cuba installed Russian missiles in order to strengthen the island’s defences.
For this newspaper, the important thing to note about the Cuban Revolution has always been that the clear majority of black and brown Cubans support the Castro government, whereas the vast majority of those who have fled to the United States are what may be described as white Cubans. This is a crucial topic which would best be studied and discussed at the level of our national university. You cannot get away from race in this region. You especially cannot get away from race in Belize’s situation, because the power structure in Guatemala is visibly white, while their ruling classes have always considered Belize’s to be a black population. There are racial realities here which have existential implications for Belize. The race issue is a delicate one in Belize, and the main reason is that the established, official power structure has always refused to talk about it, even though it is clear that extremely serious immigration decisions have been made in Belize since self-government in 1964.
Power to the people.Since the time of Webster’s Proposals, Belize succeeded in achieving independence in 1981 with all our territory intact. At that specific point in time, the white Guatemalan government and military, which were one and the same in 1981, were locked in a racist civil war against their Indigenous Guatemalan majority. A complicating factor in the Guatemalan civil war, which lasted from 1966 to 1996 but may have actually begun as early as 1960, was always the ideological influence of Cuba, just a few hundred miles northeast of Guatemala across Belize and the Caribbean. And, the intriguing thing about Castro’s Cuba, if you consider the island from the ethnic perspective and you compare it to Guatemala, is that Castro’s Cuba is a black Cuba.In 1968 the United States of America publicly presented Washington’s blueprint for Belize’s future. This was what we know as the Webster Proposals. At their core, the Seventeen Webster Proposals represented the wishes of a white supremacist state, the superpower United States of America, for another white supremacist state, the Central American republic of Guatemala, with respect to the black British colony of Belize. Black Belize, in the American blueprint, should become white supremacist Guatemala’s satellite state. (En AMANDALA)